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Extreme poverty has continued its decline

2030 target: 3 percent

Extreme poverty has fallen in many countries, and a lower proportion of people worldwide live in extreme poverty. According to the most recent estimates, in 2017, 9.2 percent of the world's population or 689 million people lived on less than a $1.90 a day, that is down from nearly 36 percent or 1.9 billion people in 1990. The COVID-19 pandemic is expected to have negative impact on poverty reduction progress and under the current baseline estimate the number of people living under $1.90 a day worldwide expected to reach 703 million in 2020 compared to the pre-COVID-19 estimate of  615 million, thus achieving the SDG target of 3 percent  extreme poverty by 2030 even more elusive.  

Remarkable improvements in human capital indicators have been observed -- under-5 mortality has been halved since 2000 and dropped to 42 per 1,000 live births in 2018 compared to 84 per live births in 2000. Prevalence of stunning among children under 5 years old was down to 24 percent in 2019 compared to 36 percent in 2000, while  the ratio of girls to boys lower secondary completion rate is now at par at 101 percent compared to 90 percent in 2000. Access to water, sanitation and electricity has risen steadily for decades. For example, access to water was 88 percent of the population for  World Bank Group client countries, in 2017,  and 69 percent for sanitation compared to 78 percent and 47 percent in 2000, respectively.  Yet,  access to such services lag for FCS, where access to water was only 67 percent of the population,  and 44 percent for sanitation in 2017.

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Emerging challenges from the COVID-19 pandemic and the expected downturn in global economy threaten the progress made over the years in  reducing poverty, human capital advances while increasing the inequality gap particularly for people in FCS and the poorest population in many countries. School closures, food supply chain disruptions and stretched health systems due to COVID-19 pandemic could also exacerbate food insecurity, loss in schooling and learning, and health services provision to women and children, reversing the gains achieved in human capital development thus far.

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Goals

WBG | WBG Goals
world
Population living under the international poverty line (Constant 2011 PPP $)
9.2 Percent 

2017

WBG | WBG Goals

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | WBG Goals
world
Population living under the international poverty line (Constant 2011 PPP $)

FCS

37.9 ( 2017 )

Trend

9.2 ( 2017 )

10.1 ( 2015 )

13.8 ( 2011 )

28.9 ( 1999 )

WBG | WBG Goals
Tier 1 icon
Median growth rate of consumption/income per capita of the bottom 40%
1.8 PERCENT

2018

WBG | WBG Goals

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | WBG Goals
Tier 1 icon
Median growth rate of consumption/income per capita of the bottom 40%

FCS

0.8 ( 2018 )

Trend

1.8 ( 2018 )

1.6 ( 2015 )

WBG | WBG Goals
Tier 1 icon
Countries with growth concentrated in the bottom 40%
55 PERCENT 

2018

WBG | WBG Goals

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | WBG Goals
Tier 1 icon
Countries with growth concentrated in the bottom 40%

FCS

25 ( 2018 )

Trend

55 ( 2018 )

53 ( 2015 )

68 ( 2011 )


Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth
Tier 1 icon
Annual growth rate of real GDP per capita
2.7 PERCENT

2019

WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth
Tier 1 icon
Annual growth rate of real GDP per capita

FCS

-0.05 ( 2019 )

Trend

2.7 ( 2019 )

2.6 ( 2015 )

5.9 ( 2010 )

4.0 ( 2000 )

WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth
Tier 1 icon
GDP per person employed
26,528 Constant 2017 PPP $

2019

WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth
Tier 1 icon
GDP per person employed

Trend

26,528 ( 2019 )

23,100 ( 2015 )

19,114 ( 2010 )

12,397 ( 2000 )

WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth
Tier 1 icon
Non-agriculture sectors, value added (as % of GDP)
92 PERCENT

2019

WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth
Tier 1 icon
Non-agriculture sectors, value added (as % of GDP)

FCS

84 ( 2019 )

Trend

92 ( 2019 )

91 ( 2015 )

91 ( 2010 )

88 ( 2000 )

WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth
tractor
Agriculture, value added per worker
3,077 Constant 2010 US$

2019

WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth
tractor
Agriculture, value added per worker

FCS

2,430 ( 2019 )

Trend

3,077 ( 2019 )

2,525 ( 2015 )

2,004 ( 2010 )

1,355 ( 2000 )

WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth
Youth employment to population ratio ages 15–24
Youth employment to population ratio (age 15-24)
35 PERCENT

2019

WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth
Youth employment to population ratio ages 15–24
Youth employment to population ratio (age 15-24)

FCS

34 ( 2019 )

Female Beneficiaries

27 ( 2019 )

Trend

35 ( 2019 )

38 ( 2015 )

41 ( 2010 )

47 ( 2000 )

WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth
gender equality
Legal changes that increase gender equality over the past two years
41 NUMBER

2019

WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth
gender equality
Legal changes that increase gender equality over the past two years

FCS

11 ( 2019 )

Trend

41 ( 2019 )

75 ( 2019 )

80 ( 2017 )

WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth
money tree
Adults with financial account (age 15+)
63 PERCENT

2017

WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth
money tree
Adults with financial account (age 15+)

FCS

27 ( 2017 )

Female Beneficiaries

59 ( 2017 )

Trend

63 ( 2017 )

54 ( 2014 )

42 ( 2011 )

WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth
electricity
Proportion of population with access to electricity
88 PERCENT 

2018

WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Sustainable and Inclusive Growth
electricity
Proportion of population with access to electricity

FCS

55 ( 2018 )

Trend

88 ( 2018 )

85 ( 2015 )

80 ( 2010 )

74 ( 2000 )


Human Capital

WBG | Human Capital
baby
Under-5 mortality rate (deaths per 1,000 live births)
42 DEATH PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS 

2018

WBG | Human Capital

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Human Capital
baby
Under-5 mortality rate (deaths per 1,000 live births)

FCS

85 ( 2018 )

Trend

42 ( 2018 )

46 ( 2015 )

56 ( 2010 )

84 ( 2000 )

WBG | Human Capital
baby
Prevalence of stunting among children under 5 years of age
24 PERCENT

2019

WBG | Human Capital

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Human Capital
baby
Prevalence of stunting among children under 5 years of age

FCS

33 ( 2019 )

Trend

24 ( 2019 )

22 ( 2015 )

26 ( 2010 )

36 ( 2000 )

WBG | Human Capital
baby
Births attended by skilled health personnel
79 PERCENT

2016

WBG | Human Capital

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Human Capital
baby
Births attended by skilled health personnel

FCS

60 ( 2016 )

Trend

79 ( 2016 )

79 ( 2014 )

59 ( 2000 )

WBG | Human Capital
education
Lower secondary gross completion rate
73 PERCENT

2018

WBG | Human Capital

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Human Capital
education
Lower secondary gross completion rate

FCS

48 ( 2018 )

Female Beneficiaries

74 ( 2018 )

Trend

73 ( 2018 )

75 ( 2015 )

71 ( 2010 )

60 ( 2000 )

WBG | Human Capital
education
Ratio of girls to boys’ lower secondary completion rate
101 PERCENT

2018

WBG | Human Capital

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Human Capital
education
Ratio of girls to boys’ lower secondary completion rate

FCS

81 ( 2018 )

Trend

101 ( 2018 )

101 ( 2015 )

98 ( 2010 )

90 ( 2000 )

WBG | Human Capital
education
Primary school completion (%, ages 15-19: bottom 40%/gap to average)
73 // 7.6 PERCENT

2018

WBG | Human Capital

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Human Capital
education
Primary school completion (%, ages 15-19: bottom 40%/gap to average)

FCS

49 / 10.9 ( FY2019 )

Trend

73 // 7.6 ( FY2019 )

72/6.6 ( FY2018 )

WBG | Human Capital
sanitation
People using basic sanitation services
69 PERCENT

2017

WBG | Human Capital

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Human Capital
sanitation
People using basic sanitation services

FCS

44 ( 2017 )

Trend

69 ( 2017 )

66 ( 2015 )

60 ( 2010 )

47 ( 2000 )

WBG | Human Capital
water
People using basic drinking water services
88 PERCENT

2017

WBG | Human Capital

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Human Capital
water
People using basic drinking water services

FCS

67 ( 2017 )

Trend

88 ( 2017 )

87 ( 2015 )

84 ( 2010 )

78 ( 2000 )


Resilience and Sustainability

WBG | Resilience and Sustainability
financial sustainainability
Countries without wealth depletion
46 PERCENT 

2014

WBG | Resilience and Sustainability

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Resilience and Sustainability
financial sustainainability
Countries without wealth depletion

Trend

46 ( 2014 )

48 ( 2010 )

WBG | Resilience and Sustainability
polution
CO2 emissions
3.5 Metric tons per capita 

2016

WBG | Resilience and Sustainability

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Resilience and Sustainability
polution
CO2 emissions

FCS

1 ( 2016 )

Trend

3.5 ( 2016 )

3.5 ( 2014 )

3.3 ( 2010 )

2.2 ( 2000 )

WBG | Resilience and Sustainability
enviroment
Average annual deforestation change
0.1 Percent 

2016

WBG | Resilience and Sustainability

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Resilience and Sustainability
enviroment
Average annual deforestation change

FCS

0.15 ( 2016 )

Trend

0.10 ( 2016 )

0.13 ( 2010 )

0.21 ( 2000 )

WBG | Resilience and Sustainability
fish
Marine protected areas
6.3 (% of territorial waters)

2018

WBG | Resilience and Sustainability

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Resilience and Sustainability
fish
Marine protected areas

Trend

6.3 ( 2018 )

2.5 ( 2016 )

WBG | Resilience and Sustainability
graph w dollar
Countries with low or moderate risk from unstainable debt
55 Countries

2019

WBG | Resilience and Sustainability

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Resilience and Sustainability
graph w dollar
Countries with low or moderate risk from unstainable debt

FCS

4 ( 2019 )

Trend

55 ( 2019 )

62 ( 2015 )

WBG | Resilience and Sustainability
fragility
Refugees reported through country or territory of asylum
20.4 Number (Millions) 

2019

WBG | Resilience and Sustainability

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Resilience and Sustainability
fragility
Refugees reported through country or territory of asylum

FCS

5.8 ( 2019 )

Trend

20.4 ( 2019 )

17.4 ( 2015 )

11.6 ( 2010 )

11.5 ( 2000 )

WBG | Resilience and Sustainability
fragility
Internally displaced persons
45.2 Number (Millions) 

2019

WBG | Resilience and Sustainability

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Resilience and Sustainability
fragility
Internally displaced persons

FCS

32.7 ( 2019 )

Trend

45.2 ( 2019 )

40.0 ( 2015 )

24.6 ( 2010 )


Institutional Capacity

WBG | Institutional Capacilty
institutions
Level of statistical capacity
70 Scale 0 to 100

2018

WBG | Institutional Capacilty

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Institutional Capacilty
institutions
Level of statistical capacity

FCS

54 ( 2018 )

Trend

70 ( 2018 )

69 ( 2015 )

69 ( 2010 )

65 ( 2004 )

WBG | Institutional Capacilty
institutions
Countries with improved budget reliability, transparency of public finances, and control in budget execution (#)
35 Countries

2020

WBG | Institutional Capacilty

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Institutional Capacilty
institutions
Countries with improved budget reliability, transparency of public finances, and control in budget execution (#)

FCS

5 ( 2020 )

Trend

35 ( 2020 )

29 ( 2019 )

WBG | Institutional Capacilty
institutions
Countries with taxes/GDP above or equal to 15% (#)
64 COUNTRIES

2019

WBG | Institutional Capacilty

Progress
Baseline
Actual
Target
Flip
WBG | Institutional Capacilty
institutions
Countries with taxes/GDP above or equal to 15% (#)

FCS

5 ( 2019 )

Trend

64 ( 2019 )

64 ( 2015 )

57 ( 2010 )